Essay Poster Trial 2

After recent feedback, I opted to change my essay poster drastically to reflect on not only the theme of my essay but also to become more about the aesthetics than the actual essay. In our industry, we must focus on the final outcome more than anything. The idea of this project was to create either an info-graphic or a graphical/artistic representation of our main essays.

Please find my second version below.


Lonely Humans

Last lecture we learnt about a few theorists and artists, the main names being Don Newman and Kristine Niedderer. This lecture followed on from our first year programme series on phenomenology.

Alice Twemlow claims that graphic design is more than just drawing pretty pictures and, due to post modernism, it has broken it’s own boundaries to create a new definition. With this in mind, Kristine Niedderer created many artefacts. These said artefacts needed interaction and a form of social convention in order to be used. For example, there is a cup that has ergonomically placed holes in so that the user must place his fingers over them in order to have a drink without it draining. Therefore the cup and human have to become one, in one sense. The other, as pictured below, is a series of cups that cannot stand alone and need each other in order to stand as they connect.

In looking into this closer and analysing the series, it hinted at three possible perceptions.

1) Is Niedderer attempting to replace human interaction?

Perhaps but how would she drink alone with multiple cups?

2) Is Niedderer therefore just lonely or single?

The semiotics in these pieces will always be questioned, but I believe that these artefacts reflect her as a person. The cups above that need each other in order to stand show that she has a desire to not drink alone and wants to be in a social environment. The glass at the top hints at the fact that because she is not on a social group, she drinks alone, but desires interaction and therefore replaces it to have a relationship with the glass in order to suit her needs through the medium of alcohol.

With point two in mind, over the past few decades, interactive and user experience design has not only been established but is growing. Is this because the human race is lonely? Perhaps it is in fact the case, as linking back to another lecture series, the need for interaction comes as the most needed part of life according to Maslow’s theory the hierarchy of needs. Human interaction starts at the basic human need of reproduction. It is inbuilt.

Design group Droog, designed a bench that is economic in space. If a person sat on it, they would automatically move so they are next to a person who is already sat. This hypothetically would aide in the basic human need as the users of the bench would be forced to interact, even a little, even if it’s just to apologise for the intrusion of personal space.

So is it true? Does interaction design exist because the human race feels lonely in it’s crowd?

Voyeuristic Intention

Art and Film is mostly dictated around voyeurism is modern times. Sarah Lucas is a key artist who has captured thepublic interest through her works based around eroticism, most importantly her Penetralia colletion.

Though art of the human body can be seen as beautiful, it should be questioned whether this form should be broadcasted to the world. In a prior blog post, I discussed how the ability to lose innocence in the modern age is far too easy, but if too censored the world could become too niave.

Sarah Lucas may very well push he boundaries on what should and shouldn’t be considered artwork, but what type of voyeurism is ok?

From sitting in a lecture in regards to the Penetralia exhibition, my mind went back to the film Cloverfield. Many viewers of this film fell in love with this documentary, home video styled piece, that felt too realistic.

The idea of having something so close to home, being displayed aided in captivating an audience and the minds of many conspirists. Watching it though, it may be considered as voyeurism. A key scene in the movie is when the Statue of Liberty is beheaded. This could be a metaphor for the enjoyment of voyeurism as a whole though, since it could be that freedom, is slowly turning into an institution that isn’t what it claims to be. Society is constantly oppressed by having it’s innocence lost due to the freedom to publicise art, such as Sarah Lucas’.

However, as mentioned in another blog post, perhaps voyeurism and losing innocence is up to the discretion of the individual or the individual’s guardians. Should we allow pieces such as “Wanking Arm”, “Swan” and the Penetralia exhibit to be displayed in such a large way, or is it only those who are interested in art and art critique who are subject to it?

The Best Things Happen Whilst You’re…

One of my favourite films of all time has to be White Christmas. Though, yes, it is well past Christmas, one song in particular comes to mind when I considered the blog post for a lecture we have recently had:

The best things, may happen whilst your dancing, in the case of musicals and the nineteen fifties, but what about in the real world?

Louise Bourgeois’ Insomnia Drawings collection highlights something that most creative and students will know a little about. Anyone who has pulled an all-nighter will tell you that the best ideas tend to come at the time you are the most sleep deprived. It seems that at the point where sleep is desired most but can’t happen, captivates a bridge between the subconscious and the conscious. Basically, creative juices flow better when we have insomnia.

The artworks produced by Bourgeois at this time, mostly followed the post modern, futuristic styled artworks that go under the type of ‘free drawing’. Whilst many people can relate, Bourgeois’ artwork seems to describe her state of insomnia, which she describes as like waves of water: the need to sleep will be coming close, but then the wave breaks and you remain awake.

As a person who struggles in sleeping, I can honestly say that I have to agree. Insomnia does feel like the waves on a sea. My best ideas for projects happen at silly o’clock and although this may not be the best of moments to have them, they do. The craziest and most out of the box ideas for me happen at these times. My idea of mind mapping confuses many people, and yet for me, it all makes sense, as there is a key to it: each direction text is written in is linked. This idea was taught to me in primary school, and yet I find it easier to recreate when I am tired.

Screen Shot 2015-02-23 at 19.28.14

Free Writing

Since the beginning of the film industry people have been endlessly disappointed by the films that have been adapted from books. This is because books can only describe so much so the reader is forced to make up their own minds. A writer cannot be expected to describe each and every curve unless they are Davinci or a technical illustrator. Imagist psychologists and propositional psychologists agree that the mind generates its own imagery and will echo a person’s perceived world.

The book ‘The Lighthouse’ by Virginia Woolf, and many books by Frank Peretti, tries to guide the imagination and see what they see. Imaginations are perceptive and subjective so it is all a matter of opinion. But how much can an author actually guide a person without dictating what they should and shouldn’t see word for word, and without images?

The book ‘House of Leaves’ by Mark Z Danielewski is written in a way to describe the mood changes and scene changes in the book, but nothing much else. It is a guided reading text that is laid out in intricate ways and uses typographic designs to attempt to hijack the reader’s emotions and imagination.

The book is a horror book and tries to encapsulate this by not only giving the words a personified nature, but also attempting to confuse the reader. The reader has to not only read deeper and between the lines, but also has to attempt to make sense of it. The decryption is part of the entertainment in the book.

Do All Artists Have a God Complex?

The act and desire to ‘play God’ is one of the main reasons the Sims franchise and its spin offs are so popular. An artist attempts to create a world or at least a thought. They occasionally attempt to manipulate or persuade. Creating art for an audience is done for a reason, whether it is to provoke or inspire. Is this trying to play God, or is this merely a desire to speak freely?

Famous theorist an animator André Bazin believed that reality was God and art and film were trying to capture a ‘holy moment’. With this in mind do artists play God or are they merely expressing and or recreating him. The question and debate will never cease to go around in circles, as there are both points for and against.

Looking into the personality of some artists can give an insight into which they are, but where does that leave atheists and agnostics? Perhaps all artists are trying to do is speak freely. Some artwork may contain aspects that have an intention to provoke, but maybe it’s down to a specific piece and the artist, and not for us to judge.

The Worldly Impacts

On a Monday we have lectures on economics and business. Though many people question the why’s, in recent weeks it has started to fall into context. Having been an economics and business student, I understood the contexts and facts immediately, but to actually put them into the context of the design industry was a new concept.

Having a working understanding of the world around you is important in many ways. Not only does knowing what is going on in the news help you adjust your work to fit in with a key audience, but also to help gain potential conversations with employers when asked ‘Are there any questions you have for us?’. It is a difficult question to answer, as many people will blank.

In a recent interview, many candidates during the presentation side of the interview, failed to mention, or avoided mentioning, a recent loss in a major client. When questioned on it, many people either declined to answer or walked on eggshells. The truth of the matter is, being able to discuss such realities will help move forward. Losing a major client may mean a lack of finance, but it was forgotten was the fact that the company had just branched out into Spain. The loss of one client seemed no real problem when quite a few were gained. Markets will always change.

The main reason for this change was due to the UK’s economic crisis. The government is in far too much debt for the average person like you and me to comprehend. Changing government contracts to cheaper or more efficient companies will inevitably aide in saving money. The main aim of the government is to not only look after their nation, but to attempt to get the country out of debt and boost economic growth. A thriving economy will be one on the road to financial repair. How did we get into so much debt though?

This question has multiple answers, and although we are still paying off about five generations worth of debt, we must also consider other factors. Many people in the UK are in debt. The average student in my year will owe roughly £50k by the time they graduate. Those who aren’t students will have loans, credit cards and mortgages. The collapse of banks was caused by people being declaring bankruptcy and therefore, never repaying what they owed. Banks needed to borrow money to fund their debts that lead to a domino effect on a dangerous level, which inevitably plunged us into a double dipped recession.

On a wider scale, John Maynard Keynes so eloquently reiterated that when America sneezed, the world caught a cold. When things started to head south in America, Europe also started to decline. Greece in particular is still hanging on by a thread. We must realise though that they are in debt to many other countries. If Greece fall many other countries will fall with it, including Spain and us in the UK. We loan money we do not have in order to save our traders.

Moving away from the economic crises, we must also consider other geopolitical futures. Though BRIC economies (Brazil, Russia, India and China) may one day lead the world in economic power, perhaps the ones that we should focus on are the ones with oil supplies. Oil is a scarce resource that one-day will run out. Oil is one of the main ingredients for several everyday things we take for granted. Of course it is fuel that we use to power our cars, but most people forget that it is also one of the main ways we make plastic. In years to come the design industry will need to find solutions to issues regarding these factors. With a lack of oil comes the need for alternative resources which may, or may not, have been discovered yet.

With a crisis comes innovation and collaboration, so perhaps we should be thankful for global pressures as it will increase our need to innovate and move on.

Capturing the Process

Our eyes are often opened in lectures to artists we have never heard of before. William Kentridge was one of them. His unique stop motion animations highlight a working process.

Though his works tend to be political and very black and white, we must also consider what it is he has produced.

Lecturers often tell us to document our work and or process of getting from an initial idea to a final outcome. Kentridge shows all of his workings as a part of his final outcome. With this in mind maybe it should be considered art in the “making of” videos as opposed to just the final piece.

Redacted: John Berger

John Berger’s Ways of Seeing is a book made up of a series of essays aides in explaining theories on semiotics and exploring both how we see and how we analyse. It is very important in any creative practice, including graphic design, that we understand the ins and outs of what we do and what has been done.

The piece I have extracted and stylised has been done to give the impression of looking at a piece of art in a gallery or museum. When analysing something, people will often cock their heads to the side a little. This forces someone to do that, in order to process what they need to read. The cascading effect also reflects on the destruction of authenticity. This is also reflected in the forced misprints of the word ‘reproduction’, ‘original’ and ‘authentic(ity)’.

The redacted version of this is merely supposed to expose what the text is referring to, which is the eradication of original art pieces and what they are being replaced with: reproductions.

Ways Of Seeing Unredacted Ways Of Seeing Redacted

Context Saves Lives

It is a proven fact that grammar can often aide in the understanding of any given text, but what about context. In this exersize, we took a well known manifesto and blanked out words. Words out of context can change the entire feel for a piece, for example, the one we editted as a part of the lecture: On the left, you will see the original, on the right, a blanked out version.

first-things-first-redacted original RMWillisfirst-things-first-redacted